Submission of Manuscript

All manuscripts submitted for publication to the GOJDRE should include the following:

Title page

The title page should contain the following information in the order given:
1) Full title of manuscript
2) A running title, not exceeding 60 letters and spaces
3) Authors' full names and authors’ degrees and honorifics (i.e., DDS, MSc, PhD, FACP, etc.)
4) Authors' institutional affiliations including city and state (US authors) or city and country (non-US authors)
5) The name, address, and e-mail address of the author responsible for correspondence about the manuscript
6) If the work has previously been presented, the name, place, and date of meeting(s)
7) If any financial support was received, the grant/contract number, sponsor name, and city, state, and country location must be supplied. The information will be disclosed in the published article.
8) If any author has a conflict of interest, it should be reported. These include, for example, patent, ownership, employment, stock ownership, consultancies, or speaker's fee.

Abstract page

An abstract is required for all manuscripts, with the exception of letters to the editor, and must precede the body of the manuscript. Abbreviations and references should not appear in the abstract. Research manuscripts must conform to the structured abstract format
Clinical reports and Technique manuscripts do not need a structured abstract. Following the abstract and on the same page, there should be several words not appearing in the title of the manuscript to be titled: KEYWORDS.

Text

Research manuscripts should include the following sections: Introduction, Materials and Methods, Results, Discussion, Conclusion, Acknowledgements, and References. Other manuscripts should begin with two to five introductory paragraphs. The remainder of the manuscript should be divided into sections preceded by appropriate headings (i.e., “Clinical report,” “Technique,” etc.).
The Introduction will include the following: a description of the problem that inspired the study and what distinguishes it from previous research that investigated the same problem; a brief discussion of relevant published material that addressed the same problem or that documents methodology used in the study; and the goal of the study, the purpose statement and null hypothesis.
The Materials and Methods section describes materials or subjects used and the methods selected to evaluate them, including information about the overall design, the nature of the sample studied, sample size, the type of interventions (or treatments) applied to the individual elements in the sample, and the principal outcome measure. Statistical methodology and rationale for sample size determination must be included in this section. Please note: All human subject research (including surveys) must include a statement of ethical or institutional review board approval. The Journal encourages authors to register clinical trials prior to submission at one of the registration sites listed below. The registration number and date of registration should be included in the Materials and Methods section. See “Reporting guidelines” below for further details.
The Results section will be a clear statement of the findings and an evaluation of their validity based on the outcome of statistical tests. When reporting results of statistical tests, actual p values must be reported.
The Discussion section presents the research in its broader context, describes its clinical implications, identifies limitations or problems that emerged during the course of the study, characterizes the larger significance of the findings, and articulates any further questions remaining to be answered on the subject.
The Conclusion section includes only a brief and succinct summary of the findings.
An Acknowledgement section to thank anyone who contributed to the manuscript, but is not a listed author (i.e., statistician, copyeditor, dental technician, photographer, artist).

Notes on Journal style and formatting of the text

Authors are to use current prosthodontic nomenclature and are referred to the Glossary of Prosthodontic Terms (9th Edition) for accepted terminology. For digtal terms, refer to the Glossary of Digital Terms.
When a trade name must be used, cite parenthetically the trade name and the name, city, state (US companies) or city and country (non-US companies) of the manufacturer. Examples: (CEREC 4.4 Software; Dentsply Sirona, York, PA); (IPS e.max Press HT ingots, A2 shade; Ivoclar Vivadent, Schaan, Liechtenstein)
Measurements should be in the metric system.
Use the symbol × rather than the letter x as a multiplication sign.
Report the actual P values to 3 decimal places. For P values below 0.001 write < 0.001. Report results to 2 decimal places.
When reporting data with the ± sign, please use the spacing 123.45 ±6.78 µm.
Do not italicize foreign words such as "in vivo" or "in vitro"
Use digits for most numbers appearing within the text, except at the start of a sentence, and when the use of the digit places unnecessary emphasis on the number; or when "one" is used as a pronoun.
Minimize the use of subheadings in the text.

Editorial assistance to non-native English speakers

If English is not your native language, we suggest you have a native English speaker read and review the manuscript prior to submission. An English-speaking colleague can be an excellent resource. If you do not know someone who can help you, we recommend that you have your paper professionally edited for English language by a service such as Wiley Publishing’s at http://wileyeditingservices.com.
American Journal Experts also provide high quality editing: https://www.aje.com/en/services/editing
Please note that while this service will greatly improve the readability of your paper, it does not guarantee acceptance of your paper by the journal.

Citations and references

Number references consecutively in the order in which they are first mentioned in the text. Identify references in texts, tables, and legends by superscript Arabic numerals. Use the style of the examples below, which are based on the format used by the US National Library of Medicine in Index Medicus. For abbreviations of journals, consult the 'List of the Journals Indexed' printed annually in the January issue of Index Medicus. Reference numbers should appear after punctuation marks, not before. Example:To date, zirconia dental ceramics have had an excellent clinical performance with a cumulative 5-year survival rate of 92.1% for zirconia-based all-ceramic single crowns,1 and 90.4% for tooth-supported fixed dental prostheses.2
Examples
Journal article: Fernandez MA, Nimmo A, Behar-Horenstein LS: Digital denture fabrication in pre-and postdoctoral education: A survey of US dental schools. J Prosthodont 2016;25:83-90
Journal article, 4 or more authors: Rodriguez LS, Paleari AG, Giro G, et al: Chemical characterization and flexural strength of a denture base acrylic resin with monomer 2-tert- butylaminoethyl methacrylate. J Prosthodont 2013;22:292-297
Book: Anusavice KJ, Shen C, Rawls HR (eds): Phillips' Science of Dental Materials (ed 12). Philadelphia, Saunders, 2013
Chapter in a book: Phoenix RD: Denture base resins: Technical considerations and processing techniques, in Anusavice KJ (ed): Phillips’ Science of Dental Materials, vol 1 (ed 10). Philadelphia, Saunders, 1996, pp 237-271
Masters or PhD Thesis: Smith J: Marginal values of CAD/CAM ceramics [dissertation]. Boston, Harvard School of Dental Medicine, 1995
Website: eHuman Digital Anatomy: https://ehuman.com/. Accessed 2/12/19

Tables

Tables should be positioned following the references, not in the body of the manuscript. The tables should be numbered consecutively with Arabic numerals. Each table should be typed on a separate sheet. Include any necessary legends on the same page with the associated table. Do not submit tables as image files. Tables should be provided in a simple form, without style formatting and without use of color
Artwork/figures
Figures should be submitted after the tables (if included) or after the reference list (if tables not included), not in the body of the text. Please see page 10 the Full Author Guidelines above for details on typical images accepted by the Journal of Prosthodontics. Image manipulation and ethical guidelines
Photographs of people: The Journal of Prosthodontics follows current HIPAA guidelines for the protection of patient/subject privacy. If an individual pictured in a digital image or photograph can be identified, his or her permission is required to publish the image. The corresponding author may submit a letter signed by the patient authorizing the Journal to publish the image/photo. Or, a form provided by the Journal (Appendix A in the Full Author Guidelines) may be downloaded for your use. This approval must be received by the Editorial Office prior to final acceptance of the manuscript for publication. Otherwise, the image/photo must be altered such that the individual cannot be identified (black bars over eyes, etc).
Manipulation of digital photos: Authors should be aware that the Journal considers digital images to be data. Hence, digital images submitted should contain the same data as the original image captured. Any manipulation using graphical software should be identified in either the Methods section or the caption of the photo itself. Identification of manipulation should include both the name of the software and the techniques used to enhance or change the graphic in any way. Such a disclaimer ensures that the methods are repeatable and ensures the scientific integrity of the work.
No specific feature within an image may be enhanced, obscured, moved, removed, or introduced. The grouping of images from different SEMs, different teeth, or the mouths of different patients must be made explicit by the arrangement of the figure (i.e., by using dividing lines) and in the text of the figure legend. Adjustments of brightness, contrast, or color balance are acceptable only if they are applied to the whole image, and as long as they do not obscure, eliminate, or misrepresent any information present in the original, including backgrounds.
The removal of artifacts or any non-integral data held in the image is not allowed. For instance, removal of papillae or “cleaning up” of saliva bubbles is not allowed.
Cases of deliberate misrepresentation of data will result in rejection of a manuscript, or if the misrepresentation is discovered after a manuscript’s acceptance, revocation of acceptance, and the incident will be reported to the corresponding author's home institution or funding agency.
Copyright permissions: Any illustrations or tables that have been published previously must be accompanied by a letter of permission from the copyright holder (usually the publisher).
Illustrations or tables that have been adapted or modified must also be accompanied by letters of permission.
MANUSCRIPT SUBMISSION AND REVIEW
When you are ready to submit your manuscript, the files can be uploaded by email to......
Peer review process and reviewer recommendations
All manuscripts will be assessed by the Editor-in-Chief, and, if appropriate, will be sent to an assistant editor and two or more external reviewers. Manuscripts that are not reviewed will be returned to the authors. Manuscripts will be reviewed for content, originality, importance to the field, appropriateness of statistical analysis, and derivation of conclusions. Authors should note that manuscripts may be returned after initial review by the editorial office if the paper is deemed unlikely to be reviewed favorably by virtue of insufficient interest for the Journal readership. This rapid rejection process enables the author to promptly submit for publication elsewhere. If sent for review, the outcome may be acceptance with or without revisions, non-acceptance with an opportunity to make revisions for resubmission, or rejection. Manuscripts being revised by the authors will be held by the editorial office for a maximum of 90 days, after which a new submission is required. Please contact the editorial office if you are not able to make this deadline.

Submitting a Revision

Depending on the number of revisions requested, revisions will be returned to the original reviewers or the editors will conduct the review. New reviewers will be enlisted at the discretion of the editor. Not all revised manuscripts will be accepted. With rare exception, the Journal of Prosthodontics will not review more than 3 revisions of the same manuscript.
All changes made in a revised manuscript must be annotated via highlight or different font color. This will help reviewers locate the changes that correspond with your point-by-point response. Do not use the Track Changes feature of Word to mark your changes, as this often makes manuscripts difficult for reviewers and editors to read. Please note in your cover letter if the changes are so extensive (i.e., more than 75% of the document) that it would be unreasonable to annotate the changes. Responses to reviewers and editors should be included as a text (.doc or .docx) file with the manuscript files and named response to reviewers. A template to use as a guide is provided in Appendix C of the Full Author Guidelines.

Rebuttals

On rare occasions, editorial decisions may be re-considered. Authors with serious concerns about potential scientific errors in the review process may send a rebuttal letter to the editor. Only written appeals will be considered. Rejected manuscripts may be resubmitted for consideration only with explicit permission of the Editor-in-Chief. In such cases, the submission will be given a new manuscript number and date of receipt, and will be treated as a new manuscript.

Authorship

Requirements for all categories of articles largely conform to the “Uniform Requirements for Manuscripts Submitted to Biomedical Journals,” developed by the ICMJE. A manuscript will be considered for publication with the understanding that:
all named authors have agreed to its submission
it is not currently being considered for publication by another journal
if the paper is accepted, it will not subsequently be published in the same or similar form in any language without the consent of publisher
Each author must have contributed sufficiently to the intellectual content of the submission. Any changes to the author list after submission, such as a change in the order of the authors, or the deletion or addition of authors, will follow the guidelines as set out by COPE (http://publicationethics.org/). The corresponding author must confirm that he or she has had full access to the data in the study and final responsibility for the decision to submit for publication. The ICMJE recommends that authorship be based on the following 4 criteria:
Substantial contributions to the conception or design or the work; or the acquisition, analysis, or interpretation of data for the work; AND
Drafting the work or revising it critically for important intellectual content; AND
Final approval of the version to be published; AND
Agreement to be accountable for all aspects of the work in ensuring that questions related to the accuracy or integrity of any part of the work are appropriately investigated and resolved

Plagiarism

Submitted manuscripts are randomly evaluated via the iThenticate Professional Plagiarism Prevention program (www.ithenticate.com).
The Journal of Prosthodonticsdefines major plagiarism as any case involving:
unattributed copying of another person's data/findings, or resubmission of an entire publication under another author's name (either in the original language or in translation), or
verbatim copying of >100 words of original material in the absence of any citation to the source material, or
unattributed use of original, published, academic work, such as the structure, argument or hypothesis/idea of another person or group where this is a major part of the new publication and there is evidence that it was not developed independently.